Future Royal Navy and UK Armed Forces

The UK Armed Forces should be spearheaded by the Royal Navy via three (3) Strike Aircraft Carriers and an array of amphibious units that allow sustained Air, Sea & Land operations at any location. The RAF will provide home air defence, strike and surveillance duties plus also be deployable in-theatre with a rapid reaction capability via air-to-air refuelling. The Army and Royal Marine numbers must be retained with 100,000 and 10,000 troops respectively, in order to fulfil their global duties, and will not be covered on this page.

Importantly, the Armed Forces must be set up to fight a modern Falklands War type scenario, against modern high performance aircraft, submarine and missile threats as well as participate in multi-national operations.


The Future Royal Navy should be centred around three 50,000 ton CATOBAR strike carriers with a flight deck area matching or exceeding that of the Charles De Gaulle. The two STOVL Queen Elizabeth Class carriers will act as LHAs and provide close air support, amphibious-commando and ASW capability. The submarine service is also of vital importance and priority must be given to its expansion. Increased numbers of submarines are intended to provide for enhanced shore bombardment using Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles targeting airfields, air defence systems, and other high value assets.

All Navy capital ships must employ advanced SAMPSON-type radar, IR systems, CIWS/RAM, surface-to-air missiles, anti-ship missiles, UAVs*/USVs, plus have strong ASW capabilities with bow sonar and torpedoes as standard.

Strike Aircraft Carriers (3)

These 50,000 ton Strike Carriers - HMS Ark Royal, HMS Eagle, and HMS Glorious - will initially operate 22 RafaleM or Sea Gripen Multi-Role fighters. Other aircraft will include E-2D Hawkeye, S-3 Viking (new built in ASW plus Tanker roles), ASW Merlins, and aircrew rescue helos. Future aircraft will include the FA-XX, a long range strike bomber (the A-64A Intruder II), UCAVs (X-47Bs and V-247 tiltrotors), UAV AEW drones (either airships, helos, or tiltrotors), and coaxial rotor helos (see Future US Navy Air Wing). For more on the flight deck layout see this link to a smaller 35,000 ton CATOBAR design.

Queen Elizabeth Class LHA/ASW Carriers (2) 

The Queen Elizabeth Class STOVL carriers will act as both an LHA, in the support role for amphibious operations, and as an ASW platform in defence of these operations. The vessels will have intense anti-missile defence systems with Aster missiles, four RAM systems, and four CIWS. The ships will each field 12 F-35B Lightning or AV8B Harrier aircraft, 12 V-247 Vigilant tiltrotor combat drones, Apache AH-64Es, troop carrying Chinooks, Merlins, plus ASW Wildcat and Merlin helos. UAV AEW drone airships/helos/tiltrotors will be added to the air wing when they become available. Displacement 70,000 tons.

Astute Class SSNs (10+)

Astute Class submarines will continue in their present roles with a greater emphasis on providing a land attack strike capability using cruise missiles. There must be an addition of three boats from the present seven on order. A production run of up to twelve vessels would allow for a continuous submarine building program. As the first of these boats are retired a new type (a modified or 'advanced' Astute class) should begin production. Displacing 7400 tons

Type 212 Submarines (3)

Conventional diesel-electric Type 212 submarines are to be ordered for training and close-to-shore operations. Displacing 1500 tons.

Daring Class Frigates (10)

The numbers of Daring Class vessels are to increase and must be fully fitted out with Harpoon anti-ship missiles, ASW systems plus torpedoes to compliment the ship's anti-air capabilities. Sufficient numbers of fully equipped surface ships are necessary to protect the 'flat top', amphibious and sea lift transports. Displacement 8,000 tons.

Type 26 Frigates (22+)

The Type 26 Frigate, like the Daring Class ships, must be ordered in numbers that can defend a large amphibious task force including the supporting strike carriers. All of these vessels must be configured to effectively engage in anti-submarine warfare with bow and towed sonar systems. Displacement 5400 tons.

Damen 2400 Offshore Patrol Vessels (14+)

An evolved Damen 2400 OPV design, featuring a 76mm gun, will replace the existing River Class boats. Half of this class will also be equipped with a RAM system and fitted with the ASW mission module (or modified for that role). All the OPVs will be fitted out to carry these weapons systems plus also be able to employ the Exocet anti-ship missile.

The Amphibious Assault Force:

Mistral Class Extended-Deck LHDs (3)

The Mistral Class LHDs are intended to act as the core amphibious assault ships able to embark heavy equipment. They will be built with an extended flight deck (potentially with a ski-jump) so each can be used as an emergency launch platform for STOVL aircraft. The vessels will provide heliborne and amphibious troop deployment through 12 to 16 Merlin helos and landing craft (LCMs). Apache AH-64Es will be included with four (4) per ship. These 21,000 ton vessels will also be modified to have standard shafted propellers in place of the azimuth thruster pods.

Albion Class LDS (2)

Albion Class vessels are to operate in their current roles with the addition of a RAM anti-missile system (or similar) to compliment the present Goalkeeper CIWS. Displacement 21,560 tons.

Bay Class LDS (3)

Bay Class landing dock ships are to continue in their present roles. Displacement 16,160 tons.

Point Class RFA (6)

All Point Class RFA ships must modified to accept 'roll-on' independently operating anti-missile defence systems that would be added during a time of conflict. Displacement 23,000 tons.

Unmanned Surface Vessels

Two Classes of USVs will be required for surveillance, mine detection, special operations and fleet defence:

# Ship-Deployable Inshore USVs - are intended for reconnaissance in littoral waters. They will have a multi-day loitering capability being able to launch small recon UAVs (two per boat) for closer inspection of inland targets. The boats should be equipped with a FLIR system, have sonar (mine detection), and be radar equipped - plus capable of firing both Hellfire (surface attack) and Stinger (anti-aircraft) missiles. These 'lightweight' drones come in two types - a larger 7 ton launch, the Fleet Class USV or similar, for use off capital ships, and a smaller RHIB version for use on offshore patrol ships.

# Blue Water USVs (8) - these larger 300+ ton ships are intended for picket line Air Defence and Anti-Submarine warfare; primarily to protect the Aircraft Carriers and amphibious assault vessels. Featuring a VLS they could be modified to conduct surface warfare also in the (amphibious) fleet defence role. And, being unmanned, they can be built cheaply to commercial standards. These drones will have a two month long endurance, needing only to refuel to remain active. They will also be equipped with an anti-missile system, either RAM or CIWS.    


F-X or FA-XX (68) - to completely replace the F-35 and gradually replace the Typhoon.

Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4 (124) - the numbers of these aircraft are increased from the present 100.

Tornado GR4  (44) - used primarily in strike and recon operations (replaced by FB-23s, with twelve of the forty four configured in the electronic warfare role).

UCAVs (18+) - for strategic bombing operations against radar and command and control installations in high threat environments.

Reaper UAVs (30+) - high numbers of these aircraft can provide near continuous surveillance for ground forces and also perform light attack duties.

Hawk 128s (86) - currently replacing the Hawk T1 trainers. These aircraft must be able to operate as light attack aircraft in the COIN role.

Embraer Super Tucano (46+) - dual purpose training and light attack aircraft to replace existing Short Tucanos, fitted to carry their full range of weapons.

E-3 Sentry (6) - AWACs aircraft currently in service.

Sentinal R1 (5) - airborne battlefield and ground surveillance platform to be retained rather than retired as currently planned.

P-8A Poseidon (16) - upgraded with technology from the cancelled Nimrod MRA4 maritime patrol aircraft.

Airbus Voyager MRTT  (11) - currently replacing legacy tanker aircraft.

C-17 Globemaster III (10) - increased from 8 currently in operation.

Airbus A400M Atlas (22) - on order to replace C-130J transports.

Armed Forces Helicopter Composition

Navy                 Wildcat (28+)            Merlin (56+)

Air Force          Puma (31)                Chinook (46)

Army                Wildcat   (72+)         Apache (66)

UK Strategic Posture - Expansion  

The UK should engage with former Commonwealth territories and offer their inclusion into the Government through genuinely beneficial economic and security ties. The UK Parliament should be altered so that it operates in the same manner as the French Overseas Departments where:
These territories have varying legal status and different levels of autonomy, although all (except those with no permanent inhabitants) have representation in the Parliament of France, and consequently the right to vote in elections to the European Parliament.
The same system would apply to former British territories allowing them to benefit from the UK's 1st world institutions, economy and industrial capabilities. The goal is to provide advantages to these people in terms of entry into the 1st world and to provide a broader strategic platform for the UK Armed Forces.

Financing the Armed Forces

With the threat of cuts to Defence Spending key measures need to be taken in order to protect and enhance the UK economy that provides funding for all military activity.

The most important aspect is make sure the economy is set up so that it helps domestic businesses and production. More internal production means more jobs that fuel revenue generated through taxation. Some level of import control will be necessary to protect home grown industries. Likewise, strong laws against foreign acquisition of domestic industry need to be enacted. A multi-billion pound National Investment Fund can be created to serve capital needs within the domestic economy.

Another measure would be to introduce a Tobin Tax on the City of London that could potentially generate billions of dollars from the speculators. This should be combined with Laws against using Tax Heavens that unfairly hide profits that have been generated in locations outside of these Tax Havens.

The last consideration is to protect the economy from unnecessary burdens or costs. While measures need to be taken in order to put the unemployed to work (via a growing economy), it is illogical to import people into the economy from outside who have non-desirable skills, or no skills, that will simply go onto the unemployment heap. Migration must be controlled to stop the importation of non-skilled migrants, many of whom put pressure on public services and infrastructure. Deportations of non-citizen undesirables should be part of the process. Borders must be controlled. With a policy of controlled migration there should be a new focus on integration and National Unity in order to maintain a cohesive society.

[This page was significantly updated in April 2017. For the original entry see this LINK.]


  1. How about adding 20 corvettes to the list

    1. I'll take that under serious consideration. Perhaps a number of armed OPVs are in order. I was attempting to keep this list close to the existing RN set up as possible. I purposely did not cover patrol boats - only the main fighting and logistical assets.

      I would like to avoid something as large as the MILGEM corvette, perhaps a vessel the size of the Braunschweig corvette? And if there are 20 of them, the numbers of Type 26 and Daring Class Frigates would be less > perhaps 14 or 16 and 8 respectively.

      I was trying to keep the necessarily larger fleet size close to a realistic (affordable) number as possible and was favouring larger ships that would be more capable in the South Atlantic.

      Thanks for your suggestion.

    2. Yes i agree to some extent and the selection you make is sound.
      As for the submarines to be acquired as and when may i suggest
      To back and also have diesel/electric boats as a cheaper alternative
      Alongside the astute class as the last collins class built were
      Virtualy undetectable. Just a thought though

  2. Good thoughts. The UK is using Netherlands Walrus subs as part of the submarine command course. A possible alternative to additional nuke boats could be one of the bigger diesel designs intended to replace the Australian Collins Class (either the German or French boat, but not the Japanese). I would prefer more nuke boats, because of their range and size (payload) - I intend using multiple submarines for cruise missile attacks on airfields and command installations (if conflict in the South Atlantic re-occurred). Large diesels could still play this role.

    For the submarine fleet, I would rather spend money on more nuclear boats if they were as quiet as the advanced diesels we are considering. If the Astute-class is comparable in noise levels then I would still favour more of these with the added cost. Apart from training, I'd need to know more on how the diesel boats might be used - perhaps for close-to-shore special ops, surveillance (?) ... the problem is to have a clear understanding of the benefits of these vessels compared to the present nuclear submarines in service.

    Discussion of such things is good because it tests your thinking on equipmnet vs capabilities/operations.

    Thanks for your comment.

  3. Whilst your page is sound in the equipment and logic, here is anothe thought for contention.
    All the money being spent on trident could be spent on all the above if in stead the nuclear deterent was spread between the three armed forces.
    UCAVs used also as nuclear delivery platform and covered with the invisibility cloak
    Which has been developed.
    Land based ICBM launchers x 10 at various uk bases.
    All naval subs to carry cruise missiles with nuclear warheads.
    The money saved could give the regular army more infantry and tank battalions
    The Royal air force the extra fighters it needs
    And the Royal Navy the ships that you mentioned whilst keeping the 2 queen elizabeth class carriers.
    This would also enable the falklands to have a permenant attachement of
    2 diesel subs for patrol 2 ocean going corvettes and a fighter/ stike squadron.

  4. The page has been updated to include armed Offshore Patrol Vesels - intended to replace the River Class Patrol Boats, which I expect would be sold to a foreign navy.

    When it comes to funding there are a few options. A recent episode of a program dealing with finance, The Keiser Report (E839), featured an expert guest who pointed out that tax avoidance in the UK amounted to upwards of 120 billion pounds. If action was taken to reasonably recover 25-30% of this amount, we could see 30-40 billlion added to the State's coffers (at least).

    Another option is to have the bank of England print the necessary capital to cover the acquisition costs of all the listed items here, and then forgive the debt. It's money printing, but carefully targeted, it will not cause inflationary pressure, and will certainly boost this sector of the economy.

    A final thought on UK revenue raising is to enact policies to retain public assets, and favour internal production over imports - thereby helping to lessen the trade deficit and increase economic activity.

    If necessary Trident could be replaced with land-based ICBMs and air and sea launched cruise missiles as Patriot suggests. It's a fair call - although I favour the idea of hard-to-detect, and mobile SSBNs with ballistic missiles (rather than cruise missiles).